AP AT A GLANCE
is one of the 28 states of India, situated on the countries southeastern coast.
The state is the eighth largest state in India covering an area of 160,205 km2(61,855 sq mi)
.As per 2011 census of India, the state is tenth largest by population with 49,386,799 inhabitants.
The new capital city of Andhra pradesh is proposed in Guntur District, north of Guntur City
and will be developed under Capital Region Development Authority. In accordance with the
Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, Hyderabad will remain the de jure capital of both
Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states for a period of time not exceeding 10 years.
The state has the second longest coastline of 972 km (604 mi) among all the states of
India, second only to Gujarat. It borders Telangana in the northwest, Chhattisgarh in
the North,Odisha in the northeast, Karnataka in the west, Tamil Nadu in the south and
the water body of Bay of Bengal in the east. A small enclave of 30 km2 (12 sq mi) of
Yanam, a district of Pondicherry, lies south of Kakinada in the Godavari delta to the
northeast of the state. There are two regions in the state namely Coastal Andhra and
Rayalaseema. There are 13 districts with 9 in Coastal Andhra and 4 in Rayalaseema.
Guntur, Nellore, Kurnool, Kadapa, Tirupati, Rajahmundry ,Kakinada , Ongole and Eluru
are other important cities. Vishakapatnam is the largest city and a commercial
hub of the state with a GDP of $26 billion followed by Vijayawada with a GDP of
Andhra Pradesh has a very diverse geography which leads to a very
diverse economy. As many as 9 of the 13 districts have sea coast along the Bay
of Bengal, which has created manufacturing and export centric industry. The
fertile river plans in the delta regions of major peninsular rivers of Godavari
and Krishna are rich with agriculture-based industries and the mineral deposits
found in the districts of Rayalaseema, Eastern Gats and neighboring states has
led to large-scale ore exports.
The gross state domestic product (GSDP) of Andhra Pradesh was 2359.3 billion
(US$37 billion) in 2012â€“13. The domestic product of agriculture sector
accounts for 545.99 billion (US$8.6 billion) and Industrial sector for 507.45
billion (US$8.0 billion). The service sector of the state accounts more
percentage of the GSDP with a total of 1305.87 billion (US$21 billion).
Visakhapatnam has emerged as a major industrial center and has major public and private
sector establishments producing large scale industrial goods ranging from steel,
metals, petroleum, polymers, fertilizers, heavy engineering equipment and also
facilitates ship building, ports and fishing. Kakinada has multiple fertilizer
refineries and produces large scale of natural gas from the offshore of KG basin.
Kakinada also exports seafood and related products and produces agricultural
products like rice and corn, edible oils, oilmeals, processed food products,
chemicals, biofuel etc. Vijayawada is famous for processing of agricultural
products, automobile body building, hardware, textile, consumer goods and small
scale industries. Andhra Pradesh has one major port at Visakhapatnam and several
medium-sized ports like Gangavaram, Kakinada & Krishnapatnam; which account to
large export of cargo traffic. They are several large power plants and major
ones are established at Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada, Kakinada, Krishnapatnam and